Rashi begins in Bereshis 26:15 (It is important to note that this all takes place on Erev Pesach, as it will add more to my comments later), by talking about the wells that Yitzhok re-dug , "The perfect olah sacrifice unable to leave the land of Eretz Yisrael, and unable to take a servant maid with which to create more children because he was designated as an Olah offering at the Akeidah" But here in verse 15 he begins mentioning that the wells were
"far from the city of Gerar in the valley of Gerar." Rashi also highlights that Onkelos uses the word taumunun which in Mishnaic Hebrew means "closing", as in Pesachim 42a "blocking of the heart". The First four wells re-dug here is a well that is called Contention (Esek).
Ramban and the Baal HaTurim highlight here the wells for different reasons- "The Baal HaTurim associates the four wells dug by Issac here and in verses 32-22...with the four nations that ruled over the Jews in exile. Babylonia, Persia, Greece and Rome. Thus the first well Esek corresponds to Babylonia which oppressed the house of Judah, as it is stated and on the side of their oppressors there was power. Ecclesiates 4:1. (Note : the word Esekim is used to describe the plight of the Jews under the hands of the Babylonians in Jeremiah 50;33-35). The name of the second well Sitnah, literally accusation, alludes to Haman the exemplar of enmity of the Jews during the period of Persian domination, who wrote and accusation against Jerusalem." We see this in Ezra 4:6 where Sitnah is used regarding Haman." The Third well Rehoboth corresponds to Greece, who prohibited the Jewish women from immersing themselves in Mikveh in order to prevent them from procreating. Nevertheless a miracle was wrought for them and there was a Mikveh for each and everyone who needed it." Finally the name of the fourth well Shibah corresponds to Edom e.i Esau, the progenitor of Rome. Therefore regarding the other wells the verse states so he called its name or so he called the name of the well. However, here the verse states so he called it Shibah without mentioning the word name. This reflects the prophecies regarding Edom. Job 18;17." This is all very intriguing as here the Baal HaTurim is pointing these wells towards something in the future- the idea of Golus and obviously eventually of Guelah which are brought about by Moshiach. The idea of these wells are intimately connected with both Golus and Guelah, and by extension Moshiach as he is the one who brings Guelah.
Ramban now treats the wells in very interesting ways as well instead of relating them to Golus he now relates them to the difficulties and Bais Mikdash that were had during the time of Guelah, Ramban on this Passuk- "Scripture gives a lengthy account of the matter of the wells when in the literal interpretation of the story there would seem to be no benefit nor any great honor to Issac in that he and his father did the identical thing. However, there is a hidden matter involved here since scripture's purpose is to make known a future matter. A well of living water alludes to the House of G-d which the children of Issac will build. This is why scripture mentions a well of living waters, even as it says a Fountain of living waters the Eternal. (Jeremiah 17;13.) He called the first well Esek (Contention) which is an allusion to the first house, concerning which the nations contended with us and instigated quarrels and wars with us until they destroyed it. The second well is called Sitnah (Enmity- or accusation) a name harsher than the first. This alludes to the Second House which has indeed been referred to by this very name, in the beginning of his reign they wrote sitnah, against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem. (Ezra 4:6) And during its entire existence they were a source of enmity unto us until they destroyed it and drove us from it in bitter exile. The Third well is called Rechovoth (Spacious) This is a reference to the future house which will be speedily built in our days, and it will be done without quarrel and feud and G-d will enlarge our borders even as it says in Duet 19;8, which refers to the future. And concerning the Third house it is written Broader and winding higher and higher. The concluding statement in the present narrative concerning the naming of the Third well and we shall be fruitful in the land signifies that all people will come to worship G-d with one consent." There is another well which Ramban brings up it is the well of Beer Sheva consecrated with 7 lambs, and which Ramban relates to the Tabernacle at Shiloh.
We of course will now take a look at how Moshiach in fact deals with these same wells. We will see below how he meets a woman at a well and discusses the spiritual significance of the well she meets him at which could very well be one of the wells we saw. the importance of course lies with the laws of Mikvaot which have 6 different levels of a Mikvah's purity and this passuk of Moshiach ben Yosef brings out not only the the levels of Mikvaot for this woman, but he also relates it to the spiritual significance of the Baal Haturim relating to this woman how he is to bring about the unstopping of the wells in a spiritual way, both for her personally as well as for the nation of Israel. He was speaking of course while they were under Roman rule and thus Roman Golus and at the same time the opening of the 3rd window of Guelah - which goes to the nations and will eventually return to Israel and worship in Jerusalem. Amazingly the words of Moshiach ben Yosef typed here completely match with the different stages of Golus, the difference stages of Guelah. He says he is the one bringing fountains of Mayim Chayim which Ramban attributes to the the last Golus and Final stage of Guelah. the depth of this passage by the master Moshiach Ben Yosef has never been more profound than after reading this weeks Parsha Toldos . Please read below while remembering the connections that Rashi, Baal HaTurim and Ramban as well as Ramchal in Ma'imar haGuelah about personal redemption, and national redemption.
Now Yeshua knew that the Pharisees heard that He was making and immersing more disciples than John. (Although Yeshua Himself was not immersing, His disciples were.) So He left Judea and went back again to the Galilee. But He needed to pass through Samaria. So He comes to a Samaritan town called Shechem, near the plot of land that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. Now Jacob’s well was there. So Yeshua, exhausted from the journey, was sitting by the well. It was midday. A Samaritan woman comes to draw water. “Give me a drink,” Yeshua tells her, for His disciples had gone away to the town to buy food. Then the Samaritan woman tells Him, “How is it that You, a Jew, ask me, a Samaritan woman, for a drink?” (For Jewish people don’t deal with Samaritans.) Yeshua replied to her, “If you knew the gift of God, and who it is who is saying to you, ‘Give Me a drink,’ you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water.” “Sir,” the woman tells Him, “You don’t have a bucket, and the well is deep. Then from where do You get this living water? You’re not greater than our father Jacob, are You? He gave us this well. He drank out of it himself, with his sons and his cattle.” Yeshua replied to her, “Everyone who drinks from this water will get thirsty again. But whoever drinks of the water that I will give him shall never be thirsty. The water that I give him will become a fountain of water within him, springing up to eternal life!” “Sir,” the woman tells Him, “give me this water, so I won’t get thirsty or have to come all the way here to draw water!” He tells her, “Go call your husband, and then come back here.” “I don’t have a husband,” the woman replied. Yeshua tells her, “You’ve said it right, ‘I have no husband.’ For you’ve had five husbands, and the man you have now isn’t your husband. This you’ve spoken truthfully!” “Sir,” the woman tells Him, “I see that You are a prophet! Our fathers worshiped on this mountain, but you all say that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.” Yeshua tells her, “Woman, believe Me, an hour is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. You worship what you do not know; we worship what we know, for salvation is from the Jews. But an hour is coming—it is here now—when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and truth, for the Father is seeking such people as His worshipers. G-d is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth.” The woman tells Him, “I know that Messiah is coming (He who is called the Anointed One.) When He comes, He will explain everything to us.” Yeshua tells her, “I—the One speaking to you—I am.”At this moment, His disciples came back. They were amazed that He was speaking with a woman. Yet no one said, “What do You want?” or “Why are You speaking with her?” So the woman left her water jar and went back to the town. She tells the people, “Come see a man who told me everything I ever did! He couldn’t be the Messiah, could He?” The people left the town and began coming to Him. Meanwhile, the disciples were pressing Him, “Rabbi, eat!” But He said to them, “I have food to eat that you know nothing about.” So the disciples were saying to each other, “No one brought Him food to eat, did they?” Yeshua tells them, “My food is to do the will of the One who sent Me and to accomplish His work. Don’t you say, ‘Four more months, and then comes the harvest’? Look, I tell you, lift up your eyes and look at the fields! They are white and ready for harvest. “The reaper receives a reward and gathers fruit for eternal life, so that the sower and reaper may rejoice together. For the saying is true, ‘One sows and another reaps.’ I sent you to reap what you haven’t worked for. Others have worked hard, and you have joined in their work.” Many of the Samaritans from that town put their trust in Him because of the word of the woman testifying, “He told me everything I ever did!” So when the Samaritans came to Him, they kept asking Him to stay with them. He stayed there two days, and many more believed because of His word. They kept telling the woman, “It’s no longer because of your words that we believe. We’ve heard for ourselves! Now we know that this really is the Savior of the world!”